Wow Kay, a big question. A lot depends on what part of the 64 year Victorian period you are asking about, also whether you are talking about infantry, cavalry, a Scots regiment, etc. So I'll pick one for simplicities sake but if you want to know about a specific campaign, type of soldier, etc. just let me know. That being said, the basic kit issued to a typical "Tommy Atkins" from about the Zulu War (1879) was:
- A grey shirt or greyback, a flannel colarless undershirt that served well into the 20th Century and a khaki version was issued in WW2, these itchy shirts were often replaced with a more comfortable civilian shirt or another private purchase item.
- A pair of trousers
- A pair of braces
- A pair of boots
- A pair of gaiters (later replaced by puttees)
- A Glengarry (with the appropriate regimental badge)
- A helmet (dark blue pith with regimental plate for home service, white pith w/w/out pugaree for foreign service, later issued with khaki cover but coffee or tea stained on service in South Africa)
- A tunic
- A grey greatcoat (carried rolled & strapped across the sholders or 'en banderole')
- the 1871 Valise Equipment in buff leather: consisting of support braces, belt w/regimental buckle, two leather ammunition pouches, a bayonet and leather bayonet frog, a black leather expense pouch, the Valise (a large oilskin leather knapsack-like item worn on the back in full marching order).
- A water bottle
- A mess tin (covered in oilskin & left with the Valise)
- A cloth haversack
- A Martini-Henry rifle
- .450 caliber ammunition (20 rds in each pouch, plus a further 30 rds in the expense pouch)
Issued rations (a main attraction to enlistment was that the food was regular):
- a mug of coffee
- a pound of bread
- 3/4 of a pound of meat (beef or mutton boiled or stewed until tender and grey)
- at home this was sometimes augmented with potatoes
overseas soldiers often added a variety of locally purchased vegetables, but it was not uncommon for some garrisons to live for long periods on barrels of salted meat (a preservative)
In addition to his issued kit our Tommy would have to private purchase or supply the following:
- at least one pair of under garments (do you still call them 'vest and knickers'?)
- at least one pair of socks
- a soldiers holdall (a cloth roll containing basic necessities like a knife, fork and spoon, tooth brush, tin of tooth powder, soap, razor, shaving brush, a small shaving mirror in protective pouch, extra boot laces, a housewife (sewing kit), button sticks to repair buttons, hair comb, shoe polish.
- a tin of blanco (white cream applied to buff leather equipment for parade)
- a tin of cleaning paste (parade required spit and polish)
- soldiers paybook (issued)
- various other personal items much like a soldier would carry today, plus any "liberated" rations, or privately purchased food items to carry in Tommys haversack, these may include hard biscuits (hard tack), tins of boiled vegetables, fruit and meat, tobacco, a pipe or fags (or rolling papers for his tobacco but pipes were more common).
As far as quantities of issued items, from what I can determine it was one to a customer, "his uniform and clothing was regularly - but not frequently - replaced, but if any was lost or damaged between issues, the individual soldier had to pay to have it replaced or repaired." (from "Go To Your God Like A Soldier" by Ian Knight). Service in South Africa was particularly brutal on uniforms and footware; the bright scarlet tunics and pretty white helmets of the spit'n'polish troops upon embarcation in Zululand quickly turned to rags, suplimented by civilian clothing, straw hats, bare feet and dirty unshorn wildmen after the hard campaign in the bush (from discriptions and sketches at the time).
A soldier was required to pay for barrack services such as tailoring, laundering, the barber, and contribute to barracks repairs if damage had occured during his regiment's occupancy. Until Cardwell's reforms of the early 1870's a soldiers pay would be 'stopped' by almost half before he received it to cover the cost of his food. In addition to all that out of his Queen's shilling a day Tommy would have to pay for medical treatment if he was sick.
Now wasn't that a bummer?! I guess it cut down on sick call.
I hope this answers your question more thoroughly, Kay, but if not let me know I'd be happy to provide whatever information you need. There are a number of really fine books that talk about the daily life of the Victorian soldier and I've read and own most of them.
"When you're wounded and left of Afghanistan's plains,
An' the women come out to cut up what remains,
Jest roll to your rifle an' blow out your brains,
An' go to your Gawd like a soldier." - Rudyard Kipling